OSHA 1910.179 Standard

Q.

 

Does the OSHA standard 1910.179 on overhead and gantry cranes apply to overhead wire and chain hoists?

A.

 

Not specifically. Many of the requirements are the same, but underhung hoists are specifically addressed in the consensus standard ANSI/ASME B30.16

Q.

 

Can OSHA cite me for not following a consensus standard?

A.

 

Yes. Industry consensus standards might be evidence that a hazard is recognized and there is a feasible means of correcting such a hazard. If you do not follow the consensus standard, it is possible to be cited under the general duty clause.

Overhead hoists are found in many industries. They can be made with chain or wire rope and can be operated manually or with electric or air power. These units can be an essential part of a production line used to load raw materials or move finished goods. As vital as they can be to the production line, they are often some of the more neglected equipment in a facility, many times only getting attention after they fail or are no longer functioning. Preventive maintenance and frequent overhead hoist inspection can prevent costly downtime and potentially dangerous situations.

Overhead Hoist Regulations

Overhead hoist inspection and testing requirements, specifically for underhung overhead hoists, are not found in an OSHA standard. Some relevant information can be found in general industry standard 29 CFR 1910.179, which addresses overhead and gantry cranes. The standard that most specifically addresses the requirements of overhead hoists is an ASME/ANSI consensus standard, B30.16 for overhead hoists (underhung). This standard is part of the B30 series of standards from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) on cableways, cranes, derricks, hoists, hooks, jacks and slings. Some of the highlights of the inspection requirements from the B30.16 standards are outlined below. The complete standard is available for purchase directly from ASME.

 Overhead Hoist Inspection Requirements

A designated person should inspect hoists before their initial use and on regular intervals to verify compliance with ASME/ANSI B30.16. The specific inspection requirements are found in Table 1 and Table 2 of the B30.16 standard. The inspections are classified into frequent inspections that do not require documentation and periodic inspections that require documentation. The interval between inspections depends on the service of the hoist. The owner's manual specific to the hoist is another good source for inspection and maintenance requirements and should be based on the requirements of this standard.